Radial-velocity Searches for Planets Around Active Stars

 Previously published in hardcover
Besorgungstitel | Lieferzeit:3-5 Tage I
ISBN-13:
9783319823102
Einband:
Previously published in hardcover
Erscheinungsdatum:
30.05.2018
Seiten:
156
Autor:
Raphaëlle D. Haywood
Gewicht:
246 g
Format:
235x155x8 mm
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Nominated as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis by the University of St. Andrews, UKIncludes clear explanations, making it easy to read and accessible to a broad audience with minimum scientific background knowledgePresents a new, state-of-the-art technique that is expected to become mainstream in planet-hunting research over the next few yearsDemonstrates that the radial-velocity variations mainly arise from suppression of photospheric convection by magnetic fields. This finding represents a significant step towards measuring the masses of potentially habitable planets orbiting Sun-like stars
Introduction: the Hunt for Extra-solar Planets.- A Toolkit to Detect Planets Around Active Stars.- Application to Observations of Planet-hosting Stars.- An Exploration into the Radial-velocity Variability of the Sun.- Conclusion.
This thesis develops new and powerful methods for identifying planetary signals in the presence of "noise" generated by stellar activity, and explores the physical origin of stellar intrinsic variability, using unique observations of the Sun seen as a star. In particular, it establishes that the intrinsic stellar radial-velocity variations mainly arise from suppression of photospheric convection by magnetic fields. With the advent of powerful telescopes and instruments we are now on the verge of discovering real Earth twins in orbit around other stars. The intrinsic variability of the host stars themselves, however, currently remains the main obstacle to determining the masses of such small planets. The methods developed here combine Gaussian-process regression for modeling the correlated signals arising from evolving active regions on a rotating star, and Bayesian model selection methods for distinguishing genuine planetary signals from false positives produced by stellar magnetic activity.

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