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Portuguese Film, 1930-1960

The Staging of the New State Regime
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Patricia Vieira
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Portuguese Film, 1930-1960: The Staging of the New State Regime provides groundbreaking analysis of Portuguese feature films produced in the first three decades of the New State (Estado Novo), a right-wing totalitarian regime that lasted between 1933 and 1974. These films, sponsored by the National Propaganda Institute (Secretariado Nacional de Propaganda), convey a conservative image of both mainland Portugal and the country's overseas African colonies (Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and St. Thomas and Principe). The films about the mainland emphasize traditional values, the importance of obedience to authorities and a strict division of gender roles, whereby women are relegated to the domestic sphere. The Portuguese countryside, where age-old customs and a strong social hierarchy prevailed, is presented in these movies as a model for the rest of the country. The films about the colonies, in turn, underline the benefits of the Portuguese presence in Africa and portray the colonized as docile subjects to Portuguese rule. The book includes chapter summaries in the introduction, in-depth analyses of the most important Portuguese films produced between 1930 and 1960, a discussion of the main topics of Portuguese cinema from the New State, and a comprehensive bibliography that guides students who wish to read further on a specific topic. First published in Portuguese to wide acclaim, Portuguese Film, 1930-1960: The Staging of the New State Regime fills a gap in English-language scholarship on the history of the national cinema of the Iberian peninsula. Films covered include Fatima, Land of Faith (Terra de Fe), Spell of the Empire (Feitico do Imperio), and Chaimite.
AcknowledgementsIntroduction: Cinema in the New State 1. Propaganda in the New State: The May Revolution (A Revolução de Maio)1.1. Propaganda in Portuguese Cinema1.2. Salazar's Truth as Ideology1.3. The Primacy of Art: António Ferro's Politics of the Spirit1.4. The Staging of the Leader2. Poets on the Silver Screen: Bocage, Camões, and the Heroes of the Regime2.1. Literature and Film in the Politics of the Spirit2.2. The Heroes of the New State2.3. Against Political Inconstancy: The Hero as a Serious Man3. Rural Life in Cinema: In Defense of a Natural Society2.1. Regional and Folkloric Films2.2. A Natural Cinema2.3. The Countryside and the City2.4. Capitalism, Communism, Corporatism4. The Miracle of Salazarism: Fátima, Land of Faith (Fátima, Terra de Fé)4.1. Fátima in the New State4.2. Reason, Faith and Politics in Film4.3. Balancing Reason and Religion4.4. Beyond Reason and Faith: The Danger of Nihilism5. Gender Stereotypes in New State Cinema5.1. Women in New State Films5.2. Singing as a Transgression5.3. Fado, Fatalism and the Portuguese Femme Fatale6. The Empire as Fetish: Spell of the Empire (Feitiço do Império)6.1. Portugal and its Colonies6.2. The Magic of Africa6.3. The Empire as a Fetish 6.4. Spell of the Empire and Colonial Propaganda7. The Spirit of the Empire in Chaimite7.1. Spirituality and Materiality in Salazarism7.2. The Spirit of Portuguese Colonization7.3. The Politics of the Spirit in ChaimiteEpilogue: New State Cinema TodayBibliographyIndex

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