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Literary Fiction

The Ways We Read Narrative Literature
 Ebook (PDF)
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ISBN-13:
9781623560256
Veröffentl:
2014
Einband:
Ebook (PDF)
Seiten:
336
Autor:
Geir Farner
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
EPUB
Kopierschutz:
2 - DRM Adobe
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Insofar as literary theory has addressed the issue of literature as a means of communication and the function of literary fiction, opinions have been sharply divided, indicating that the elementary foundations of literary theory and criticism still need clarifying. Many of the "classical" problems that literary theory has been grappling with from Aristotle to our time are still waiting for a satisfactory solution. Based on a new cognitive model of literature as communication, Farner systematically explains how literary fiction works, providing new solutions to a wide range of literary issues, like intention, function, evaluation, delimitation of the literary work as such, fictionality, suspense, and the roles of author and narrator, along with such narratological problems as voice, point of view and duration. Covering a wide range of literary issues central to literary theory, offering new theories while also summarising the field as it stands, Literary Fiction will be a valuable guide and resource for students and scholars of the theory of literature.
1. Introduction2. What is literary fiction?Attempts to define literary fictionIntratextual criteriaExtratextual criteriaThe embedding of real elements in fictionA reader-oriented definition of literary fictionFiction with reservationsHow to distinguish between fact and fiction?Should the author of documentary fiction cite his sources?The embedding of extratextual facts: conclusionThe embedding of fictitious elements in non-fictionNarrative and fiction3. The fictional communication processThe question of genreThe levels of the communication processEarly theories of levelsNarratological theories of levelsThe material textThe mental model of the actionThe relationship between the mental model and the actionThe cognitive contentIdentificationPopular literatureThe cognitive content: terminological alternativesThe truth of the message The incompleteness of the mental modelThe transparency of the mental modelThe two aspects of the mental modelWhy the term mental model?One drawback of the terms signifier, signified and referentDramaLiterary fiction as a speech mode Possible worldsWhat comes first, text or action?4. The cognitive and the aesthetic dimension Definition of the aestheticThe aesthetic dimension in artDoes fiction have an aesthetic dimension?Does the text have an aesthetic function?Does the action have an aesthetic function?Does the mental model have an aesthetic function? Does the cognitive content have an aesthetic function?Does the interplay between the levels have an aesthetic function?Must fiction have an aesthetic dimension in order to be art?The cognitive function and consciousnessEvidence of the cognitive function5. The delimitation of the literary work The text and the mental model of the actionThe messageDrama and lyric poetryAmbiguous textsReading in another order and repeated readingsThe simultaneity of the levelsOther theories6. Intention and messageThe message as perceived by the receiverDifferent forms of communicationThe many faces of the authorThe message as perceived by the sender Does the work always reflect the author's own views?The relationship between the latent and the received messageTo what extent is information about the author's intention available?The expectations of the readerThe author's responsibility for the received messageConclusionInterpretive strategies 7. Problems related to the sender The narrator and the narrative actKäte Hamburger's theoryThe nature of the narratorThe role of the receiverAttachment8. The structure of the action The mental model and the actionWhat is the action?The action as part of a larger fictional worldProblems with the definition of story The author's influence on the actionThe complexity of the actionThe relationship between events and charactersAction-orientation and character-orientation as forms of selectionAttempts at simplificationThe smallest meaningful elements of the actionHow are these basic elements related to Propp's and Greimas's models? The characters' mode of existence Flat and round charactersThe action as vehicle for the messageSetting9 SelectionTheories about durationSelectionTime and its contentQuantitative selectionScene, summary, ellipsis, pause and stretchThe problem pause 10. VoiceTemporal relations Identity and levelTerminological problemsThe significance of the author's choice of grammatical personThe report of speech and thoughtsInterference of the narratorComments of the narratorHumour as a manifestation of voiceIronyOther kinds of indirect communication11 Viewpoint, focalizationViewpoint or focalization?Viewpoint in non-fiction, film and dramaViewpoint in the novel and the short storyOmniscience and perceptionPosition: internal and external viewpointDepthBreadthStabilityRewriting in the first person The point of view in the first-person novelThe narrator's viewpoint: double focalization?Is there always a viewpoint (or focalization)?Ambiguous viewpoint Viewpoint and voiceZero focalization?Internal viewpoint and subjectivityViewpoint and identificationConclusion12 Frequency13 Order14. SuspenseWhat is suspense?Various forms of suspenseSuspense in Effi BriestArtificial suspense15. The functions of literary fictionDidactic literature and simplificationResult- and process-orientationNon-cognitive functions16. EvaluationTo what extent is evaluation inevitable?How subjective is evaluation?Which aspects of the work are subject to evaluation?Evaluation criteria for the cognitive contentTruthImportanceRelevanceNovelty and differenceEntertainmentEvaluation criteria for form alone and form and content as a wholeWholenessComplexity and simplicityOpennessCriteria related to phatic functionProfessional competenceCriteria linked to timeCriteria linked to languageExtratextual factorsWho is entitled to evaluate?Conclusion17. ConclusionBibliographyIndex

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