Planetary Science: The Science of Planets Around Stars

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Unity of the Universe Cosmic Abundance of the Chemical Elements Some Examples The Sun and Other Stars The Galaxy, Field Stars, Binaries, and Clusters Composition of Stars Interstellar Medium Dense Cool Clouds Heating and Cooling of Galactic Gases Scenario for Producing a Dark Cool Cloud Formation of a Galactic Cluster Main-Sequence Stars and Their Evolution Stars, Brown Dwarfs, and Planets Stellar Planetary Systems The Planets Overview of the Planets Orbital Motions Orbits of the Planets Planetary Structures: General Considerations The Terrestrial Planets Mercury Venus Earth Mars The Major Planets Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune The Moon Physical Characteristics of the Moon Earth-Moon Interactions Lunar and Solar Eclipses Lunar Surface Interior of the Moon Lunar Magnetism Some Indications of Lunar History Moon Summary Satellites and Rings Types of Satellites Satellites of Mars Satellites of Jupiter Satellites of Saturn Satellites of Uranus Satellites of Neptune Ring Systems General Observations Asteroids General Characteristics Types of Asteroid Orbit Distribution of Asteroid Orbits: Kirkwood Gaps Compositions and Possible Origins of Asteroids Comets and the Kuiper Belt Types of Comet Orbit Physical Structure of Comets Oort Cloud Kuiper Belt Meteorites Introduction Stony Meteorites Stony Irons Iron Meteorites Ages of Meteorites Isotopic Anomalies in Meteorites Dust in the Solar System Meteor Showers Zodiacal Light and Gegenschein Radiation Pressure and the Poynting-Robertson Effect Theories of the Origin and Evolution of the Solar System Coarse Structure of the Solar System Distribution of Angular Momentum Other Features of the Solar System Laplace Nebula Theory Jeans' Tidal Theory Solar Nebula Theory Capture Theory Ideas on the Evolution of the Solar System Planetary Collision Earth and Venus Asteroids, Comets, Meteorites, and Dwarf Planets Origin of the Moon Mars and Mercury Neptune, Triton, Pluto and Charon Isotopic Anomalies in Meteorites General Comments on a Planetary Collision Appendix A: Electromagnetic Radiation: Detecting Atoms, Ions, Molecules, and Radicals Appendix B: Basic Mineralogy Appendix C: Geochronology: Radioactive Dating Appendix D: Virial Theorem Appendix E: Jeans' Critical Mass Appendix F: Free-Fall Collapse Appendix G: Evolution of Protostars Appendix H: Equilibrium of Stars on the Main Sequence Appendix I: Energy Production in Stars Appendix J: Evolution of Stars away from the Main Sequence Appendix K: White Dwarfs, Neutron Stars, and Black Holes Appendix L: Exoplanets: Planets around Other Stars Appendix M: Solar System Studies to the Beginning of the Seventeenth Century Appendix N: Newton, Kepler's Laws, and Solar-System Dynamics Appendix O: Formation of Commensurate Planetary Orbits Appendix P: Atmosphere of the Earth Appendix Q: Physics of Planetary Interiors Appendix R: Transfer of Heat Appendix S: Seismology: The Interior of the Earth Appendix T: Moments of Inertia Appendix U: Gravitational Field of a Distorted Planet Appendix V: Precession of the Earth's Spin Axis Appendix W: Intrinsic Planetary Magnetism Appendix X: Magnetic Interactions between Planet and Star Appendix Y: Planetary Albedos Appendix Z: Physics of Tides Appendix AA: Darwin's Theory of Lunar Origin Appendix AB: Roche Limit and Satellite Disruption Appendix AC: Tidal Heating of Io Appendix AD: Ram Pressure of a Gas Stream Appendix AE: Trojan Asteroids Appendix AF: Heating by Accretion Appendix AG: Perturbations of the Oort Cloud Appendix AH: Radiation Pressure and the Poynting-Robertson Effect Appendix AI: Analyses Associated with the Jeans' Tidal Theory Appendix AJ: Viscous-Disk Mechanism for the Transfer of Angular Momentum Appendix AK: Magnetic Braking of the Spinning Sun Appendix AL: Safronov Theory of Planet Formation Appendix AM: Eddington Accretion Mechanism Appendix AN: Life on Earth: And Elsewhere? Appendix AO: Global Warming Appendix AP: Migration of Planetary Orbits Appendix AQ: Interactions in an Embedded Cluster Program TIDE Program TROJANS Physical Constants and Useful Data References Index Problems appear at the end of each chapter.
Since the publication of the popular first edition, stellar and planetary scientists have produced numerous new observations, theories, and interpretations, including the "demotion" of our former ninth planet Pluto as a dwarf planet. Covering all of these new discoveries, Planetary Science: The Science of Planets around Stars, Second Edition explains the science associated with the planets, the stars they orbit, and the interactions between them. It examines the formation, evolution, and death of stars and the properties of the Sun that influence the planets of the Solar System. Along with more problems, this second edition adds new material and improves some analytical treatments. The book consists of two main components. For students unfamiliar with stellar properties or the overall structure of the Solar System, the first part gives a general picture of the system as a whole and the interrelationships of the bodies within it. It presents an overview of the nature of stars and the Solar System as well as important results obtained by scientific analysis.
The second component is a set of 43 appendices describing the majority of the underlying science required to explain the main features of the Solar System. These appendices cover a variety of specialized topics, from mineralogy to the mechanical interactions of radiation and matter. End-of-chapter problems give students a quantitative understanding of stellar and solar system phenomena. The text shows how useful estimates of various quantities can be made even when characteristics of the system are not known with any precision. While the problems can be completed with a hand calculator, students are encouraged to use the Fortran computer programs provided on the book's CRC Press web page. Avoiding excessive details, this textbook offers a comprehensive account of stellar and planetary topics. It is suitable for students from a range of disciplines, including astronomy, geology, and earth sciences. The book provides students with an understanding of the nature of the Solar System and the influences that govern its behavior, helping them develop an appreciation of the forces that can influence our planet in the future.

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Autor: George H. A. Cole
ISBN-13 :: 9781466563155
ISBN: 146656315X
Erscheinungsjahr: 10.06.2013
Gewicht: 1501g
Seiten: 575
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 00002, Revised
Sonstiges: Taschenbuch, 254x177x35 mm
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