Hydrology and Hydroclimatology: Principles and Applications

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Introduction Introduction Systems Approach Hydrologic Cycle Hydrologic Variability Disposition of Energy and Matters Representations, Statistical and Simulation Models Extreme Values, Vulnerability, Risk and Uncertainty Water Availability Water Sustainability Tools and Techniques People's Perception- Public Awareness Integrated Water Cycle Management Economics of Water Water Supply vs. Water Demand Clean Water Act Overall Organization of This Book Problems References Hydroclimatic Systems Introduction General Systems' Characteristics Systems Modeling The Earth System The Atmosphere The Lithosphere The Biosphere The Hydrosphere Hydrologic Cycle The Catchment Basin System Groundwater System Concluding Remarks Problems References Hydro-Climaticprocesses Introduction Atmosphere characteristics Physical Behavior of the Atmosphere Heat and Temperature Relationship Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere Clouds and Precipitation Formation Climate Variability Case Studies Conclusion Problems References Hydrologic Cycle Analysis Introduction Precipitation Evaporation and Evapotranspiration Interception Storage and Depression Storage Infiltration Calculation of Excess Rainfall-Runoff Groundwater Reservoirs and Lakes Water balance Regionalizing the Hydrologic Data Using Kriging Method Summary Problems References Watershed Definition Watershed Geomorphology Hypsometric Curve Characteristics of Soil Channel Geomorphology Travel Time Land Use and Cover Impacts Concluding Remarks Problems References Surface Water Hydrology Introduction Estimation of Runoff Volume Hydrograph Theory Baseflow Estimation Unit Hydrograph Different Types of Unit Hydrographs Unit Hydrograph Adjustments Instantaneous Unit Hydrographs (IUH) Routing Methods Hydrologic Reservoir Routing Estuaries Water Quality Issues in Surface Water Problems References Appendix Groundwater Hydrology Introduction Groundwater Systems Groundwater Availability Groundwater Development Types of Aquifers Aquifer Characteristics Groundwater Balance Groundwater Movement Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems Transmissivity Dupuit- Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow Flow nets Wells Multiple-Well Systems Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data Interaction between Surface and Groundwater Concluding Remarks Problems References Time Series Analysis Introduction Stochastic Processes Time Series Hydrological Time Series Hydrologic Time Series Modeling: Basic Steps Data Preparation Time Series Modeling in Hydrology Methods of Parameter Estimation Regression Based Methods Goodness of Fit Tests Spectral Analysis Based Methods Concluding Remarks Problems References Appendix Climate Change Impacts And Models Introduction The Greenhouse Effect The Carbon Cycle Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Cycle Water Resource System Effects Climate Change Simulation Case Studies Problems References Probability, Risk and Uncertainty In Hydrologic Analysis Introduction Probability treatment of hydrologic data Common probabilistic models Return period or recurrence interval Reliability Risk Vulnerability Resiliency Uncertainty Problems References Appendix Hydrologic Simulation Introduction Mathematical Simulation Techniques Physical Models Simulation Problems References Drought Analysis and Management Introduction Drought as a Hazard Drought Definition Climatic Drought Hydrologic Drought Agricultural Drought Hybrid Drought Index Geostatistic Tools in Drought Studies Drought Preparedness/Management Problems References Flood Introduction Flood Types Flood Analysis Flood Prediction Flood Routing Urban Floods Understanding Flood Hazards Evacuation Zones Flood Damage Resiliency Floodplain Management Case Studies Problems References Introduction Introduction Systems Approach Hydrologic Cycle Hydrologic Variability Disposition of Energy and Matters Representations, Statistical and Simulation Models Extreme Values, Vulnerability, Risk and Uncertainty Water Availability Water Sustainability Tools and Techniques People's Perception- Public Awareness Integrated Water Cycle Management Economics of Water Water Supply vs. Water Demand Clean Water Act Overall Organization of This Book Problems References Hydroclimatic Systems Introduction General Systems' Characteristics Systems Modeling The Earth System The Atmosphere The Lithosphere The Biosphere The Hydrosphere Hydrologic Cycle The Catchment Basin System Groundwater System Concluding Remarks Problems References Hydro-Climaticprocesses Introduction Atmosphere characteristics Physical Behavior of the Atmosphere Heat and Temperature Relationship Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere Clouds and Precipitation Formation Climate Variability Case Studies Conclusion Problems References Hydrologic Cycle Analysis Introduction Precipitation Evaporation and Evapotranspiration Interception Storage and Depression Storage Infiltration Calculation of Excess Rainfall-Runoff Groundwater Reservoirs and Lakes Water balance Regionalizing the Hydrologic Data Using Kriging Method Summary Problems References Watershed Definition Watershed Geomorphology Hypsometric Curve Characteristics of Soil Channel Geomorphology Travel Time Land Use and Cover Impacts Concluding Remarks Problems References Surface Water Hydrology Introduction Estimation of Runoff Volume Hydrograph Theory Baseflow Estimation Unit Hydrograph Different Types of Unit Hydrographs Unit Hydrograph Adjustments Instantaneous Unit Hydrographs (IUH) Routing Methods Hydrologic Reservoir Routing Estuaries Water Quality Issues in Surface Water Problems References Appendix Groundwater Hydrology Introduction Groundwater Systems Groundwater Availability Groundwater Development Types of Aquifers Aquifer Characteristics Groundwater Balance Groundwater Movement Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems Transmissivity Dupuit- Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow Flow nets Wells Multiple-Well Systems Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data Interaction between Surface and Groundwater Concluding Remarks Problems References Time Series Analysis Introduction Stochastic Processes Time Series Hydrological Time Series Hydrologic Time Series Modeling: Basic Steps Data Preparation Time Series Modeling in Hydrology Methods of Parameter Estimation Regression Based Methods Goodness of Fit Tests Spectral Analysis Based Methods Concluding Remarks Problems References Appendix Climate Change Impacts And Models Introduction The Greenhouse Effect The Carbon Cycle Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Cycle Water Resource System Effects Climate Change Simulation Case Studies Problems References Probability, Risk and Uncertainty In Hydrologic Analysis Introduction Probability treatment of hydrologic data Common probabilistic models Return period or recurrence interval Reliability Risk Vulnerability Resiliency Uncertainty Problems References Appendix Hydrologic Simulation Introduction Mathematical Simulation Techniques Physical Models Simulation Problems References Drought Analysis and Management Introduction Drought as a Hazard Drought Definition Climatic Drought Hydrologic Drought Agricultural Drought Hybrid Drought Index Geostatistic Tools in Drought Studies Drought Preparedness/Management Problems References Flood Introduction Flood Types Flood Analysis Flood Prediction Flood Routing Urban Floods Understanding Flood Hazards Evacuation Zones Flood Damage Resiliency Floodplain Management Case Studies Problems References
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This book presents a systematic approach to understanding and applying the principles of hydrology and hydroclimatology, examining the interactions among different components of the water cycle. It takes a fresh look at the fundamentals and challenges in hydrologic and hydroclimatic systems as well as climate change. The author describes the application of nontraditional data sets and new investigation techniques to water-related problems. He also examines long lead forecasting and simulation, time series analysis, and risk and uncertainty in hydrologic design.

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Autor: Mohammad Karamouz
ISBN-13 :: 9781466512191
ISBN: 1466512199
Erscheinungsjahr: 27.11.2012
Verlag: CRC PR INC
Gewicht: 1488g
Seiten: 742
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage New
Sonstiges: Buch, 254x178x40 mm
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