Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist?

13, Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science
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The contributors here show that Leibniz's 'rationalism' is not restricted to a concern with expanding and applying a logical and mathematical model of thought and action. They show the variety of models Leibniz's rationalism develop, combine, and make use of.
A new global picture of Leibniz's 'rationalism' emerges in this book, a picture that comprises many aspects hitherto overlooked. Each chapter contributes to a better understanding of Leibniz's conception and use of rationality in each field. Beyond that, when viewed side by side, compared, and contrasted, the multi-perspective approach of the book reveals a unique complexity, interconnection, and richness, which goes well beyond the familiar understanding of the label 'rationalist' traditionally applied to this intriguing thinker.
Abbreviations.- Introduction.- Part I: Reinterpreting Leibniz's Rationalism?.- 1. Leibniz' rationalism: A plea against equating soft and hard rationality; Heinrich Schepers.- 2. Leibniz's multi-purpose dialectics; Marcelo Dascal.- 3. Leibniz's rationality: Divine intelligibility and human intelligibility; Ohad Nachtomy.- Part II: Natural Sciences and Mathematics.- 4. De abstracto et concreto: Empirical science and rationalism in Leibniz; Philip Beeley.- 5. Leibniz against the unreasonable Newtonian physics; Laurence Bouquiaux.- 6. Hermetic rationalism: Some hermetic aspects of Leibniz's mathematical rationalism; Bernardino Orio de Miguel.- 7. Symbolic inventiveness and 'irrational' practices in Leibniz's mathematics; Michel Serfati.- 8. The art of mathematical rationality; Herbert Breger.- Part III: Epistemology.- 9. Ramus and Leibniz on analysis; Andreas Blank.- 10. Locke, Leibniz, and Hume on form and experience; Emily Rolfe Grosholz.- 11. Leibniz's conception of natural explanation; Marta de Mendonça.- 12. The role of metaphor in Leibniz's epistemology; Cristina Marras.- 13. What is the foundation of knowledge? Leibniz and the amphibology of intuition; Marine Picon.- Part IV: Law.- 14. Leibniz: What kind of legal rationalism?; Pol Boucher.- 15. Two argumentative uses of the notion of uncertainty in Leibniz's De conditionibus; Alexandre Thiercelin.- 16. Contingent propositions and Leibniz's analysis of juridical dispositions; Evelyn Vargas.- 17. Leibniz on natural law in the Nouveaux Essais; Patrick Riley.- Part V: Ethics.- 18. Authenticity or autonomy? Leibniz and Kant on practical rationality; Carl J. Posy.- 19. The place of the other in Leibniz's rationalism;Noa Naaman.- 20. Morality and feeling: Genesis and determination of the will in Leibniz; Adelino Dias Cardoso.- 21. Leibniz and moral rationality; Martine de Gaudemar.- Part VI: Decision Making.- 22. Leibniz's models of rational decision; Markku Roinila.- 23. Electing the King of Poland: From the concatenation of proofs to a calculus of decisions; Jérémie Griard.- 24. Declarative vs. procedural rules for religious controversies: Leibniz's rational approach to heresy; Frédéric Nef.- 25. Apology for a credo maximum: Three basic rules in Leibniz's method of religious controversy; Mogens Laerke.- Part VII: Religion and Theology.- 26. Convergence or genealogy? Leibniz and the spectre of Pagan rationality; Justin E. H. Smith.- 27. 'Paroles entièrement destituées de sens': 'Pathic reason' in the Théodicée; Giovanni Scarafile.- 28. The authority of the Bible and the authority of Reason in Leibniz's ecumenical argument; Hartmut Rudolph.- 29. Leibniz on creation: A contribution to his philosophical theology; Daniel Cook.- Part VIII: The Metaphysics of Rationality.- 30. For a history of Leibniz's principle of sufficient reason: The first formulations and their historical background; Francesco Piro.- 31. Innate ideas as the cornerstone of Leibniz's rationalism: The problem of moral principles in the Nouveaux essais; Hans Poser.- 32. Causa sive ratio: Univocity of reason and plurality of causes in Leibniz; Stefano Di Bella.- Index.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was an outstanding contributor to many fields of human knowledge. The historiography of philosophy has tagged him as a "rationalist". But what does this exactly mean? Is he a "rationalist" in the same sense in Mathematics and Politics, in Physics and Jurisprudence, in Metaphysics and Theology, in Logic and Linguistics, in Technology and Medicine, in Epistemology and Ethics? What are the most significant features of his "rationalism", whatever it is?

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Autor: Marcelo Dascal
ISBN-13 :: 9781402086670
ISBN: 1402086679
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.09.2008
Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Gewicht: 916g
Seiten: 532
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 245x166x34 mm, 2 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen
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