Botrytis: Biology, Pathology and Control

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Written by leading scientists in the Botrytis sciences
Preface.- Acknowledgements.- Contributors.- 1: Botrytis spp. and diseases they cause in agricultural systems - an introduction; Yigal Elad, Brian Williamson, Paul Tudzynski and Nafiz Delen.- 1 Introduction. 2. Geographical and ecological occurrence. 3. Variability and adaptability. 4. Quiescent, restricted and aggressive infection. 5. Molecular basis of host-parasite interactions. 6. References. 2: The Ecology of Botrytis on Plant Surfaces; Gustav Holz, Sonja Coertze and Brian Williamson.- 1. Introduction. 2. Survival. 3. Inoculum production and dispersal. 4. Growth on plant surfaces. 5. Infection pathways on diverse plant organs. 6. Conclusion. 7. References. 3: Taxonomy and Genetic Variation of Botrytis and Botryotinia; Ross E. Beever and Pauline L. Weeds.- 1. Introduction. 2. Taxonomy. 3. Botrytis cinerea. 4. Genetics of other species of Botrytis. 5. The future. 6. Acknowledgements. 7. References. 4: Approaches to Molecular Genetics and Genomics of Botrytis; Paul Tudzynski and Verena Siewers.- 1. Introduction. 2. Generation of transgenic Botrytis strains. 3. Unbiased gene cloning systems. 4. Perspectives. 5. Acknowledgements. 6. References. 5: Morphology and Cellular Organisation in Botrytis Interactions with Plants; Klaus B. Tenberge.- 1. Introduction. 2. Cytology and ultrastructure of Botrytis. 3. Imaging of infection. 4. Host response. 5. Conclusions. 6. Acknowledgements. 7. References. 6: Signalling in Botrytis cinerea; Bettina Tudzynski and Christian Schulze Gronover.- 1. Introduction. 2. Ga subunits of hetrotrimeric G proteins. 3. cAMP signalling pathway. 4. MAP kinase pathways. 5. Genes of the Ras superfamily. 6. Calcineurin/cyclophilin A signalling. 7. Putative transmembrane receptor proteins. 8. Two-component signal transduction genes in Botrytis cinerea. 9. Further protein kinase encoding geneswith unknown function. 10. Conclusion. 11. References. 7: Extracellular Enzymes and Metabolites Involved in Pathogenesis of Botrytis; Ilona Kars and Jan A.L. van Kan.- 1. Introduction. 2. Penetration of the host surface. 3. Killing of host cells. 4. Conversion of host tissue into fungal biomass. 5. Other enzymes potentially involved in pathogenesis. 6. Concluding remarks. 7. Acknowledgements. 8. References. 8: Botrytis cinerea Perturbs Redox Processes as an Attack Strategy in Plants; Gary D. Lyon, Bernard A. Goodman and Brian Williamson.- 1. Introduction. 2. Hydrogen peroxide and other AOS. 3. Low molecular mass antioxidant molecules. 4. Perturbation of free radical chemistry as a result of Botrytis infection. 5. Production of oxalic acid. 6. Dynamics of iron redox chemistry. 7. Regulation of plant enzymes. 8. Botrytis-derived enzymes. 9. Generation of lipid peroxidation products. 10. Host signalling and programmed cell death. 11. Fungus-derived metabolites. 12. Conclusion. 13. Acknowledgements. 14. References. 9: Plant Defence Compounds against Botrytis Infection; Peter van Baarlen, Laurent Legendre and Jan A.L. van Kan.- 1. Introduction. 2. Antimicrobial secondary metabolites. 3. Tolerance of Botrytis to antifungal metabolites. 4. Structural barriers and cell wall modifications. 5. Pathogenesis-related proteins. 6. Concluding remarks. 7. Acknowledgements. 8. References. 10: Phytohormones In Botrytis-Plant Interactions; Amir Sharon, Yigal Elad, Radwan Barakat and Paul Tudzynski.- 1. Introduction. 2. Biosynthesis of plant hormones by B. cinerea. 3. Effect of plant hormones on B. cinerea and on disease development. 4. Conclusions. 5. Acknowledgement. 6. References. 11: Detection, Quantification and Immunolocalisation of Botrytis species; Frances M. Dewey (Molly) and David Yohalem.- 1. Introduction. 2. Classical plating out method. 3. Immu
The book is the result of intensive work of 43 authors, all of them leading scientists in the Botrytis sciences. Each chapter describes a particular aspect of fungal biology and its impact on disease processes and host response. New technologies have arisen that when applied to long-standing problems or to test new hypotheses have been most rewarding and many of these are covered in this book. The chapters are cross linked so that readers can follow associated material.

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Autor: Nafiz Delen
ISBN-13 :: 9781402026249
ISBN: 1402026242
Erscheinungsjahr: 20.10.2004
Verlag: Springer Netherlands
Gewicht: 830g
Seiten: 448
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 2004
Sonstiges: Buch, 235x155x30 mm
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