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Thinking Globally

A Global Studies Reader
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Mark Juergensmeyer
University of California Press
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Adobe Digital Editions
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PREFACE:A Friendly Introduction to Global StudiesA. INTRODUCTION1. THINKING  GLOBALLYWhat is globalization and how do we make sense of it? Manfred Steger, "Globalization: A Contested Concept," from Globalization: A Very Short Introduction Thomas Friedman, "The World is Ten Years Old," from The Lexus and the Olive TreePaul James, "Approaches to Globalization," Encyclopedia of Global Studies Steven Weber, "How Globalization Went Bad," from Foreign Policy2. GLOBALIZATION OVER TIMEGlobalization has a history-the current global era is prefaced by periods of economic interaction, social expansion, and intense cultural encounters. William McNeill, "Globalization: Long-Term Process or New Era in Human Affairs?" in New Global StudiesJane Burbank and Frederick Cooper, "Imperial Trajectories," in Empires in World HistoryImmanuel Wallerstein, "On the Study of Social Change," in The Modern World System  Dominic Sachsenmeier, "Movements and Patterns: Environments of Global History" in Global Perspectives on Global History B. THE MARCH OF GLOBALIZATION-BY REGIONS3. AFRICA: THE RISE OF ETHNIC POLITICS IN A GLOBAL WORLDThe impact of the slave trade and colonialization on Africa, influence of African culture on the Americas, and African aspects of the global rise of ethnic politics.Nayan Chanda, "The African Beginning," in Bound Together Dilip Hiro, "Slavery," in Encyclopedia of Global StudiesJeffrey Haynes, "Africa Diaspora Religions," from Encyclopedia of Global StudiesJacob Olupona, from "Thinking Globally About African Religion," in The Oxford Handbook of Global ReligionOkwudiba Nnoli, "The Cycle of 'State-Ethnicity-State' in African Politics," from MOST Ethno-Net Africa4. THE MIDDLE EAST: RELIGIOUS POLITICS AND ANTI-GLOBALIZATIONThe rise of global religious cultures from the Middle East, and current religious politics as part of a global challenge to secularism.Mohammed Bamyeh, "The Ideology of the Horizons" in The Social Origins of IslamSaid Arjomand, "Thinking Globally About Islam," in Oxford Handbook of Global Religion Jonathan Fox, "Are Middle East Conflicts More Religious?" in Middle East QuarterlyBarah Mikail, "Religion and Politics in Arab Transitions," FRIDE policy brief5. SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA: THE FLOW OF TRADE AND CULTUREThe spread of Asian cultures from India and Central Asia via trade routes; the role of South Asia in global trade and information technology.Richard Foltz, "The Silk Road and Its Travelers" in Religions of the Silk RoadMorris Rossabi, "The Early Mongols," in Khublai Khan: His Life and TimesVasudha Narayanan, "Hinduism" in The Encyclopedia of Global StudiesBarbara D. Metcalf and Thomas R. Metcalf, "Revolt, the Modern State, and Colonized Subjects 1848-1885" in A Concise History of IndiaCarol Upadhya and A.R. Vasavi, "Outposts of the Global Information Economy" in In an Outpost of the Global Economy: Work and Workers in India's Technology Industry 6. EAST ASIA: GLOBAL ECONOMIC EMPIRESThe role of East Asia in global economic history, and the rise of new economies in China, Japan, and South Korea based on global trade.Kenneth Pomeranz, "Exotic Goods and the Velocity of Fashion," in The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World EconomyAndre Gunder Frank, "The 21st Century Will Be Asian" from The Nikkei WeeklySteven Radelet, Jeffrey Sachs, and Jong-Wha Lee, "Economic Growth in Asia" in Emerging AsiaHo-fung Hung, "Is the Rise of China Sustainable?" China and the Transformation of Global Capitalism7. SOUTHEAST ASIA AND THE PACIFIC: THE EDGES OF GLOBALIZATIONThe emergence of Southeast Asia from colonial control; the rise of Australia, New Zealand and Pacific Islands on the edges of globalization.Georges Coedes, "Conclusion," in The Indianized States of Southeast AsiaBenedict Anderson, "The Last Wave," in Imagined CommunitiesSucheng Chan, "Vietnam, 1945-2001: The Global Dimensions of Decolonization, War, Revolution, and Refugee Outflows."Celeste Lipow MacLeod, "Asian Connections," in Multiethnic Australia: Its History and FutureJoel Robbins, "Pacific Islands Religious Communities, in Oxford Handbook of Global Religion8. EUROPE AND RUSSIA: NATIONALISM AND TRANSNATIONALISMThe role of Europe in creating the concept of the nation, transnational politics in the Soviet Union, and the rise of the European Union.Peter Stearns, "The 1850s as Turning Point: The Birth of Globalization?" in Globalization in World HistoryEric Hobsbawm, "The Nation as Novelty," from Nations and Nationalism since 1780Seyla Benhabib, "Citizens, Residents, and Aliens in a Changing World" from The Postnational SelfOdd Arne Wested, "The Empire of Justice: Soviet Ideology and Foreign Interventions" in The Global Cold War Jurgen Habermas, "Citizenship and National Identity: Some Reflections on the Future of Europe" in Praxis International9: THE AMERICAS: DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIESThe European conquest of the Americas, the rise of new societies, and varying patterns of economic development within a global context.Charles C. Mann, "Prologue," 1493: Discovering the New World Columbus Created Tzvetan Todorov, "Conquest: The Reasons for the Victory," in The Conquest of AmericaFrancis Fukuyama, "Introduction" in Falling Behind: Explaining the Development Gap Between Latin America and the United StatesDenis Lynn Daly Heyck, "Introduction" in Surviving Globalization in Three Latin American Communities C.  TRANSNATIONAL GLOBAL ISSUES10. GLOBAL FORCES IN THE NEW WORLD ORDERParadigms for thinking about the new world order (or disorder) in the post-Cold War global era.Benjamin Barber, "Introduction" from Jihad vs. McWorldSamuel Huntington, "The New Era in World Politics-A Multipolar, Multicivilizational World," from The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World OrderMichael Hardt and Antonio Negri, "Preface" to Empire  Saskia Sassen, "Cities," Encyclopedia of Global Studies11. THE EROSION OF THE NATION-STATEThe fading strength of the nation-state and the rise of alternative conceptions of world order.Kenichi Ohmae, "The Cartographic Illusion" from The End of the Nation-StateSusan Strange, "The Westfailure System"  from Review of International StudiesZygmunt Bauman, "After the Nation-State, What?" in Globalization: The Human Consequences.William Robinson, "The Transnational State" from  A Theory of Global Capitalism12. RELIGIOUS POLITICS AND THE NEW WORLD ORDERThe religious challenge to the secular state in new conceptions of political order.Monica  Duffy Toft, Daniel Philpott, Timothy  Samuel Shah, "The Twenty-First Century as God's Century," in God's Century: Resurgent Religion and Global PoliticsMark Juergensmeyer,  "Religion in the New Global Order"Olivier Roy, "Al Qaeda and the New Terrorists" from Globalized Islam: The Search for a New Ummah Richard Falk, "Gaining Perspectives on the Present," from Religion and Humane Global Governance13. TRANSNATIONAL ECONOMY AND GLOBAL LABOREconomic globalization-- its relation to national economies, the growth of transnational corporations, and the changing role of labor.Richard P. Appelbaum, "Outsourcing," in The Encyclopedia of Global StudiesNelson Lichtenstein, "The Wal-Mart Template for Global Capitalism"  in New Labor ForumRobert B. Reich, "Who is Us?"Jagdish Bhagwati, from "Two Critiques of Globalization," in In Defense of GlobalizationJoseph Stiglitz, from "The Way Ahead" in Globalization and its Discontents 14. GLOBAL FINANCE AND FINANCIAL INEQUALITYChanges in the concept of money and international financial markets.Benjamin J. Cohen, "Money in International Affairs" from The Geography of MoneyStephen J. Kobrin, "Electronic Cash and the End of National Markets" from USIA Electronic JournalGlenn Firebaugh, "Massive Global Income Inequality," in The New Geography of Global Income InequalityDani Rodrik, "Globalization for Whom?" Harvard Magazine 15. DEVELOPMENT AND THE ROLE OF WOMENCompeting views of development and the role of women in the global economy.Alvin Y. So, "Conclusion" from Social Change and DevelopmentMayra Buvinic, "Women in Poverty: A New Global Underclass" from Foreign Policy popKum Kum Bhavnani, John Foran, Priya Kuriyan, Debashish Munshi, "From the Edges of Development" from On the Edges of Development: Cultural Interventions16. THE HIDDEN GLOBAL ECONOMY OF SEX AND DRUGSIllegal traffic in people and drugs, and the global attempts to control them.David Shirk, "Introduction," The Drug War in Mexico: Confronting a Common ThreatEduardo Porter, "Numbers Tell of Failure in Drug War," New York TimesKevin Bales, from "The New Slavery," in Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Russell Hochschild, "Introduction" Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the Global Economy17. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH CRISESThe principal environmental and health problems that transcend national boundaries and global attempts to alleviate them.Catherine Gautier, "Climate Change," Encyclopedia of Global StudiesRon Fujita, "Turning the Tide," in Heal the Ocean: Solutions for Saving our SeasHakan Seckinelgin, "HIV/AIDS" in Encyclopedia of Global Studies 18. GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS AND NEW MEDIAThe role of new media-video, internet, social networking-on global culture and organization.Yudhishthir Raj Isar, "Global Culture and Media," from The Encyclopedia of Global Studies Michael Curtin, "Media Capital in Chinese Film and Television"  in Playing to the World's Biggest Audience: The Globalization of Chinese Film and TVNatana DeLong-Bas, "The New Social Media and the Arab Spring," Oxford Islamic Studies OnlinePippa Norris, "The Worldwide Digital Divide," Harvard University Kennedy School of Government19. THE GLOBAL MOVEMENT FOR HUMAN RIGHTSTransnational networks supporting human rights and legal protection for all.Micheline Ishay, "Globalization and Its Impact," The History of Human Rights: From Ancient Times to the Globalization EraAlison Brysk, "Transnational Threats and Opportunities," in Globalization and Human RightsEve Darian-Smith , "Human Rights as an Ethic of Progress," in Laws and Societies in Global Contexts: Contemporary Approaches David Held, "Changing Forms of Global Order," Cosmopolitanism 20. THE FUTURE OF GLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETYThe emerging sense of global citizenship, and nongovernmental organizations and movements comprising a new "global civil society"-is this the global future?Mary Kaldor, "Social Movements, NGOs and Networks" from Global Civil SocietyJan Nederveen Pieterse, "Shaping Globalization" in Global FuturesGiles Gunn, "Being Other-Wise" from Ideas to Die for: Cosmopolitanism in a Global EraKwame Anthony Appiah, "Making Conversation" from Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of StrangersACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
In this accessible text, Mark Juergensmeyer, a pioneer in global studies, provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging field of global studies from regional, topical, and theoretical perspectives. Each of the twenty compact chapters in Thinking Globally features Juergensmeyer's own lucid introduction to the key topics and offers brief excerpts from major writers in those areas. The chapters explore the history of globalization in each region of the world, from Africa and the Middle East to Asia, Europe, and the Americas, and cover key issues in today's global era, such as: . Challenges of the global economy . Fading of the nation-state . Emerging nationalisms and transnational ideologies . Hidden economies of sex trafficking and the illegal drug trade . New communications media . Environmental crises . Human rights abuses Thinking Globally is the perfect introduction to global studies for students, and an exceptional resource for anyone interested in learning more about this new area of study.

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