Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice
-6 %

Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice

Pattern and Process
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ISBN-13:
9780387951225
Einband:
HC runder Rücken kaschiert
Erscheinungsdatum:
27.04.2001
Seiten:
420
Autor:
Robert H. Gardner
Gewicht:
910 g
Format:
241x183x27 mm
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

An ideal text for students taking a course in landscape ecology. The book has been written by very well-known practitioners and pioneers in the new field of ecological analysis. Landscape ecology has emerged during the past two decades as a new and exciting level of ecological study. Environmental problems such as global climate change, land use change, habitat fragmentation and loss of biodiversity have required ecologists to expand their traditional spatial and temporal scales and the widespread availability of remote imagery, geographic information systems, and desk top computing has permitted the development of spatially explicit analyses. In this new text book this new field of landscape ecology is given the first fully integrated treatment suitable for the student. Throughout, the theoretical developments, modeling approaches and results, and empirical data are merged together, so as not to introduce barriers to the synthesis of the various approaches that constitute an effective ecological synthesis. The book also emphasizes selected topic areas in which landscape ecology has made the most contributions to our understanding of ecological processes, as well as identifying areas where its contributions have been limited. Each chapter features questions for discussion as well as recommended reading.
Landscape ecology has emerged during the past two decades as a new and exciting level of ecological study. In this text book this new field is given the first fully integrated treatment suitable for the student. Throughout, the theoretical developments, modeling approaches and results, and empirical data are discussed in a unified fashion. The book also emphasizes selected topics in which landscape ecology has made the most contributions to our understanding of ecological processes, as well as identifying areas where its contributions have been limited. Each chapter features questions for discussion and recommended reading.
1. Introduction to Landscape Ecology. What is Landscape Ecology? Why has Landscape Ecology Emerged as a Distinct Area of Study? The Intellectual Roots of Landscape Ecology. Objectives of this Book. Summary.
2. The Critical Concept of Scale.
Scale Terminology and its Practical Application. Scale Problems. Scale Concepts and Hierarchy Theory. Identifying the 'Right' Scale(s). Reasoning about Scale. Scaling Up. Summary.
3. Introduction to Models.
What's and Why's about Models. Steps in Building a Model. Landscape Models. Caveats in the Use of Models. Summary.
4. Causes of Landscape Pattern.
Abiotic Causes of Landscape Pattern. Biotic Interactions. Human Land Use. Disturbance and Succession. Summary.
5. Quantifying Landscape Pattern.
Why Quantify Pattern? Data used in Landscape Analyses. Caveats for Landscape Pattern Analysis, or 'READ THIS FIRST.' Metric for Quantifying Landscape Pattern. Geostatistics or Spatial Statistics. Summary.
6. Neutral Landscape Models.
Random Maps: the Simplest Neutral Model. Maps with Hierarchical Structure. Fractal Landscapes. Neutral Models Relating Pattern to Process. General Insights from the Use of NLMs. Summary
7. Landscape Disturbance Dynamics.
Disturbance and Disturbance Regimes. Influence of the Landscape on Disturbance Pattern. Influence of Disturbance on Landscape Pattern. Concepts of Landscape Equilibrium. Summary.
8. Organisms and Landscape Pattern.
Conceptual Development of Organisms Space Interactions. Scale-dependent nature of organism responses. Effect of Spatial Pattern on Organisms. Spatially Explicit Population Models. Summary
9. Ecosystem Processes in the Landscape.
Spatial Heterogeneity in Ecosystem Processes. Effects of Landscape Position on Lake Ecosystems. Land-water Interactions. Linking Species and Ecosystems. Searching for General Principles. Summary.
10. Applied Landscape Ecology.
Land Use. Forest Management. Regional Risk Assessment. Continental-scale Monitoring. Summary.
11. Conclusions and Future Directions.
What Have we Learned? Research directions. Conclusion.
Literature cited.
Index.

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