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West Nile Encephalitis Virus Infection

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ISBN-13:
9780387798400
Seiten:
485
Autor:
MichaelS. Diamond
Serie:
Emerging Infectious Diseases of the 21st Century
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
EPUB
Kopierschutz:
1 - PDF Watermark
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

West Nile virus has emerged globally as a significant cause of viral encephalitis in humans. Infection of humans is associated with a febrile illness that can progress to meningitis and encephalitis with symptoms including cognitive dysfunction and flaccid paralysis. Following its introduction to the United States in 1999, West Nile virus rapidly disseminated across North America. Outbreaks of West Nile virus fever and neuroinvasive disease now occur annually in the United States, with about 23,000 diagnosed human cases between 1999 and 2006.
The emergence of West Nile virus in the Western hemisphere and the corresponding increase in disease burden has been accompanied by intensive study. West Nile Encephalitis Virus Infection: Viral Pathogenesis and the Host Immune Response focuses on recent studies that have identified key steps in the molecular pathogenesis of West Nile virus infection. Chapters describe our most up-to-date understanding of the pathogenesis steps in animals and the viral sequence determinants mediating virulence, the earliest innate host immune response that controls West Nile virus spread, and novel approaches and prospects for human vaccines and therapeutics. TOC:Global Epidemiology of West Nile Virus.- West Nile virus: Molecular epidemiology and diversity.- Vector biology and West Nile virus.- Clinical Manifestations of Neurological Disease.- Molecular Biology of West Nile Virus.- Virulence of West Nile virus in different animal hosts.- Innate immune response and mechanisms of IFN antagonism against WNV.- Innate immune responses to West Nile virus infection.- Mechanisms of Complement Regulation of Infection by Flaviviruses.- Antibody-mediated neutralization of West Nile virus: Factors that govern neutralization potency.- Structural basis of antibody protection against West Nile virus.- Molecular Mechanisms of Flaviviral Membrane Fusion.- CD4+ and CD8+ T cell immune responses in West Nile virus infection.- Enhanced antigen processing or immune evasion?- West Nile virus and the induction of immune recognition molecules.- Chemokines and Clearance of West Nile Virus Infection.- Persistence of West Nile Virus Infection in Vertebrates.- West Nile Virus Infection of the Central Nervous System.- The Human antibody response against WNV.- Antibody protection and therapy for West Nile virus infections.- Vaccine development against West Nile virus.- Novel therapeutics against West Nile virus.
"West Nile virus has emerged globally as a significant cause of viral encephalitis in humans. Infection of humans is associated with a febrile illness that can progress to meningitis and encephalitis with symptoms including cognitive dysfunction and flaccid paralysis. Following its introduction to the United States in 1999, West Nile virus rapidly disseminated across North America. Outbreaks of West Nile virus fever and neuroinvasive disease now occur annually in the United States, with about 23,000 diagnosed human cases between 1999 and 2006.The emergence of West Nile virus in the Western hemisphere and the corresponding increase in disease burden has been accompanied by intensive study. West Nile Encephalitis Virus Infection: Viral Pathogenesis and the Host Immune Response focuses on recent studies that have identified key steps in the molecular pathogenesis of West Nile virus infection. Chapters describe our most up-to-date understanding of the pathogenesis steps in animals and the viral sequence determinants mediating virulence, the earliest innate host immune response that controls West Nile virus spread, and novel approaches and prospects for human vaccines and therapeutics. TOC:Global Epidemiology of West Nile Virus.- West Nile virus: Molecular epidemiology and diversity.- Vector biology and West Nile virus.- Clinical Manifestations of Neurological Disease.- Molecular Biology of West Nile Virus.- Virulence of West Nile virus in different animal hosts.- Innate immune response and mechanisms of IFN antagonism against WNV.- Innate immune responses to West Nile virus infection.- Mechanisms of Complement Regulation of Infection by Flaviviruses.- Antibody-mediated neutralization of West Nile virus: Factors that govern neutralization potency.- Structural basis of antibody protection against West Nile virus.- Molecular Mechanisms of Flaviviral Membrane Fusion.- CD4+ and CD8+ T cell immune responses in West Nile virus infection.- Enhanced antigen processing or immune evasion?- West Nile virus and the induction of immune recognition molecules.- Chemokines and Clearance of West Nile Virus Infection.- Persistence of West Nile Virus Infection in Vertebrates.- West Nile Virus Infection of the Central Nervous System.- The Human antibody response against WNV.- Antibody protection and therapy for West Nile virus infections.- Vaccine development against West Nile virus.- Novel therapeutics against West Nile virus."
Global Epidemiology of West Nile Virus.- West Nile virus: Molecular epidemiology and diversity.- Vector biology and West Nile virus.- Clinical Manifestations of Neurological Disease.- Molecular Biology of West Nile Virus.- Virulence of West Nile virus in different animal hosts.- Innate immune response and mechanisms of IFN antagonism against WNV.- Innate immune responses to West Nile virus infection.- Mechanisms of Complement Regulation of Infection by Flaviviruses.- Antibody-mediated neutralization of West Nile virus: Factors that govern neutralization potency.- Structural basis of antibody protection against West Nile virus.- Molecular Mechanisms of Flaviviral Membrane Fusion.- CD4+ and CD8+ T cell immune responses in West Nile virus infection.- Enhanced antigen processing or immune evasion?- West Nile virus and the induction of immune recognition molecules.- Chemokines and Clearance of West Nile Virus Infection.- Persistence of West Nile Virus Infection in Vertebrates.- West Nile Virus Infection of the Central Nervous System.- The Human antibody response against WNV.- Antibody protection and therapy for West Nile virus infections.- Vaccine development against West Nile virus.- Novel therapeutics against West Nile virus.

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