Trading the Genome: Investigating the Commodification of Bio-Information

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Part 1: Introduction
Part 2. The Collection of Nature and the Nature of Collecting
Revealing the Social and Spatial Dynamics of Collecting
Collecting as Simple Acquisition: Decontextualization and Exoticization
Collection as Concentration and Control
Collection as Recirculation and Regulation
New World Collectors
Part 3: Speedup: Accelerating the Social and Spatial Dynamics of Collecting
Retheorizing Life Forms: Material and Informational?
The Rise of the Information and Bio-Information Economies
Emerging Markets: The Regulation of Trade in Bio-Information
Part 4: New Collectors, New Collections
"When the world was a kinder and gentler place": Early Players and Vacation Pursuits
"An historic revival of collecting"
Impetus for the Revival: Technological Change
The Biodiversity Convention: New Protocols and New Rationales
GATT TRIPs: New Protections, New Incentives
The Practice and Process of Collecting
Part 5: The Fate of the Collections
From Reproduction to Replication
"Build it for us"
Combinations and Permutations
The Diminishing Role of in situ Collecting
The Advent of Microsourcing
Re-mining ex situ Collections
The Emerging Trade in Collected Genetic and Biochemical Materials
Hire Plants: Renters and Brokers
Transacting Bio-Information: Licensing and "Pay-per-View"
Part 6: Taming the Slippery Beast: Regulating Trade in Bio-Information
Compensatory Agreements: The Rise of a Proto-Universal Culture of Regulation?
Networks, Capillaries, and the Geography of Knowledge Systems
Compensatory Agreements: Investigating Terms and Conditions
Infrastructural Support and Technical Training
Future Benefits: Royalty Payments
Taming the Slippery Beast
Regulating the Unlicensed Copying of Bio-Information
Concentration and Control: Patenting Collected Materials
The Complexities of "Co-Inventorship"
Part 7: Back to the Future
Major changes in scientific, technological, and regulatory domains have fundamentally altered the way collected biological materials are used industrially. New technological artifacts are being created -- cell lines, cryogenically stored tissue samples, biochemical extracts, and even sequenced DNA stored on databases -- each of which contains highly sought after genetic and biochemical information. Able to be cloned, copied, synthesized and engineered, rented, downloaded, viewed, and exchanged, these bio-informational "proxies" may be transacted thousands of times in any given month or year. The result is an extremely lucrative, albeit largely invisible, resource economy in bio-information.
Autor: Bronwyn Parry
Bronwyn Parry

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Autor: Bronwyn Parry
ISBN-13 :: 9780231121743
ISBN: 0231121741
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.09.2004
Verlag: COLUMBIA UNIV PR
Gewicht: 590g
Seiten: 319
Sprache: Englisch
Altersempfehlung: 22 - 99 Jahre
Sonstiges: Buch, 236x158x23 mm
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