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Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition

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Douglas Besharov
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Chapter 1. Introduction: Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition
Karen Baehler and Douglas J. Besharov

Chapter 2. Welfare Regimes in the Wake of State Socialism: China and Vietnam
Jonathan London

Chapter 3. Social Benefits and Income Inequality in Post-Socialist China and Vietnam
Qin Gao, Martin Evans, and Irwin Garfinkel

Chapter 4. Social Security Policy in the Context of Evolving Employment Policy
Barry Friedman

Chapter 5. Urban Social Insurance Provision: Regional and Workplace Variations
Juan Chen and Mary Gallagher

Chapter 6. Health and Rural Cooperative Medical Insurance
Song Gao and Xiangyi Meng

Chapter 7. The Quest for Welfare Spending Equalization: A Fiscal Federalism Perspective
Xin Zhang

Chapter 8. Financing Migrant Child Education
Jing Guo

Chapter 9. Labor Migration, Citizenship, and Social Welfare in China and India
Josephine Smart, Reeta Tremblay, and Mostaem Billah

Chapter 10. Ethnic Minorities and Trilingual Education Policies
Bob Adamson, Feng Anwei, Liu Quanguo, and Li Qian,

Chapter 11. Danwei, Family Ties, and Residential Mobility of Urban Elderly in Beijing
Zhilin Liu and Yanwei Chai

Chapter 12. Marriage, Parenthood, and Labor Outcomes for Women and Men
Yuping Zhang and Emily Hannum

Chapter 13. Implications of the College Expansion Policy for Social Stratification
Wei-Jun Jean Yeung

Chapter 14. The Evolving Response to HIV/AIDS
Zunyou Wu, Sheena G. Sullivan, Yu Wang, Mary Jane Rotheram,and Roger Detels

The story of China's spectacular economic growth is well known. Less well known is the country's equally dramatic, though not always equally successful, social policy transition. Between the mid- 1990s and mid-2000s---the focal period for this book---China's central government went a long way toward consolidating the social policy framework that had gradually emerged in piecemeal fashion during the initial phases of economic liberalization. Major policy decisions during the focal period included adopting a single national pension plan for urban areas, standardizing unemployment insurance, (re)establishing nationwide rural health care coverage, opening urban education systems to children of rural migrants, introducing trilingual education policies in ethnic minority regions, expanding college enrolment, addressing the challenge of HIV/AIDS more comprehensively, and equalizing social welfare spending across provinces, among others. Unresolved is the direction of policy in the face of longer-term industrial and demographic trends---and the possibility of a chronically weak global economy. Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition offers scholars, practitioners, students, and policymakers a foundation from which to explore those issues based on a composite snapshot of Chinese social policy at its point of greatest maturation prior to the 2007 global crisis.

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