Biology of Aggression

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SECTION 1: GENES; Chapter 1 Genetic Aspects of Aggression in Nonhuman Animals; Chapter 2 Human Quantitative Genetics of Aggression; Chapter 3 Crustacean Models of Aggression; SECTION 2: NEUROTRANSMITTERS; Chapter 4 Brain Serotonin and Aggressive Disposition in Humans and Nonhuman Primates; Chapter 5 Monoamines, GABA, Glutamate, and Aggression; Chapter 6 Nitric Oxide and Aggression; Chapter 7 Neuroplasticity and Agression: An Interaction Between Vasopressin and Serotonin; SECTION 3: HORMONES; Chapter 8 Contexts and Ethology of Vertebrate Aggression: Implications for the Evolution of Hormone Behavior Interactions; Chapter 9 Androgens and Aggression; Chapter 10 The Role of Estrogen Receptors in the Regulation of Aggressive Behaviors; Chapter 11 Maternal Aggression; Chapter 12 Stress and Aggressive Behaviors; STRESS 4: DEVELOPMENT; Chapter 13 Conditioned Defeat; Chapter 14 Development of Aggression; Chapter 15 Neurobiology of Aggression in Children; SECTION 5: PHARMACOLOGY AND PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY; Chapter 16 Drugs of Abuse and Aggression; Chapter 17 Psychopharmacology of Human Aggression: Laboratory and Clinical Studies; Chapter 18 Psychophysiology of Human Antisocial Behavior
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Unchecked aggression and violence take a significant toll on society. Even if we manage to avoid being the direct victim of a violent act, the effects of aggression and violence reach us all: We hear about the mauling of a woman by an aggressive dog, our children are bullied at school, or wedeal with impulsive violence while commuting to work or attending a sporting event. Reflecting psychology in general, the dominant roles of learning and environmental influences - both social and nonsocial - have traditionally been prominent in discussions of the etiology of human aggression.Biological factors have not been considered sufficiently important to investigate in the search for ways of dealing with human aggression or violence. With recent advances in pharmacology and genetic manipulation techniques, however, new interest has developed in the biological mechanisms of bothnon-human and human aggression. Although aggression is certainly a complex social behavior with multiple causes, molecular biological factors should not be overlooked, as they may well lead to interventions that prevent excess aggressive behaviors. The primary goal of this book is to summarize andsynthesize recent advances in the biological study of aggression. As most aggressive encounters among human and non-human animals represent a male proclivity, the research in this book describes and discusses studies using the most appropriate murine model: testosterone-dependent offensiveinter-male aggression, which is typically measured in resident-intruder or isolation-induced aggression tests. The research also emphasizes various molecules that have been linked to aggression tests. The research alsoemphasizes various molecules that have been linked to aggression by the latestgene-targeting and pharmacological techniques. Although the evidence continues to point to androgens and serotonin (5-HT) as major hormonal and neurotransmitter factors in aggressive behavior, recen

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Autor: Randy J. Nelson
ISBN-13 :: 9780195168761
ISBN: 0195168763
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.09.2005
Verlag: OXFORD UNIV PR
Gewicht: 1170g
Seiten: 512
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 261x186x30 mm
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