Who Needs Emotions?: The Brain Meets the Robot

Series in Affective Science
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PART 1: PERSPECTIVES; 1. "Edison" and "Russell": Definition versus inventions in the analysis of emotion; 2. Could a robot have emotions? Theoretical perspectives from social cognitive neuroscience; PART 2: BRAINS; 3. Neurochemical networks encoding emotion and motivation: An evolutionary perspective; 4. Towards basic principles for emotional processing: What the fearful brain tells the robot; 5. What are emotions, why do we have emotions, and what is their computational basis in the brain?; 6. How do we decipher others' minds?; PART 3: ROBOTS; 7. Affect and proto-affect in effective functioning; 8. The architectural basis of affective states and processes; 9. Moving up the food chain: Motivation and emotion in behaviour-based robots; 10. Robot emotion: A functional perspective; 11. The role of emotions in multiagent teamwork; PART 4: CONCLUSIONS; 12. Beware the passionate robot
The idea that some day robots may have emotions has captured the imagination of many and has been dramatized by robots and androids in such famous movies as 2001 Space Odyssey's HAL or Star Trek's Data. By contrast, the editors of this book have assembled a panel of experts in neuroscienceand artificial intelligence who have dared to tackle the issue of whether robots can have emotions from a purely scientific point of view. The study of the brain now usefully informs study of the social, communicative, adaptive, regulatory, and experimental aspects of emotion and offers support forthe idea that we exploit our own psychological responses in order to feel others' emotions. The contributors show the many ways in which the brain can be analyzed to shed light on emotions. Fear, reward, and punishment provide structuring concepts for a number of investigations. Neurochemistryreveals the ways in which different "neuromodulators" such as serotonin, dopamine, and opioids can affect the emotional valence of the brain. And studies of different regions such as the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex provide a view of the brain as a network of interacting subsystems. Relatedstudies in artificial intelligence and robotics are discussed and new multi-level architectures are proposed that make it possible for emotions to be implemented. It is now an accepted task in robotics to build robots that perceive human expressions of emotion and can "express" simulated emotionsto ease interactions with humans. Looking towards future innovations, some scientists posit roles for emotion with our fellow humans. All of these issues are covered in this timely and stimulating book which is writtenfor researchers and graduated students in neuroscience, cognitive science, psychology, robotics, and artificial intelligence.

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Autor: Jean-Marc Fellous
ISBN-13 :: 9780195166194
ISBN: 0195166191
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.03.2005
Gewicht: 721g
Seiten: 416
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage New
Sonstiges: Buch, 240x166x26 mm
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