Orienting of Attention

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1. Introduction ; Helmholtz's Study of Attention Shifting ; Early Ideas about the Attentional Focal Point ; Overt and Covert Orienting ; 2. Studying Attention Shifts with Location Cueing ; Early Location Cueing Experiments ; Goal-Driven and Stimulus-Driven Control ; Attentional Capture by Abrupt-Onset Stimuli ; Methodological Issues ; 3. Properties of the Attentional Focal Point ; Analog and Discrete Attention Shifts ; Variable Spatial Extent of Attentional Focus ; Can Attention be Divided into Multiple Foci ; LaBergian Activity Distribution Model ; 4. Sensory and Attentional Mediation of Covert Orienting ; Sensory Analyasis and Location Cue Effects ; A Systematic Investigaiton of Multiple Location Cue Effects ; Activity Distribution Account of Multiple Location Cue Effects ; Activity Distribution Account of Other Cue Effects ; 5. Sequential Attention Shifts ; Shifting Attention to Multiple Abrupt-Onset Stimuli ; Inhibition of Return ; 6. Eye Movements and Attention Shifts ; Oculomotor System ; Eye Tracking Methodology ; Disengaged Attention and Saccades ; Relationship Between Attention and Eye Movements ; 7. Physiology of Attention Shifts ; Subcortical Attention Mechanisms ; Cortial Attention and Saccades ; Stimulus-Driven and Goal Driven Attention Shifts ; Premotor Theory Revisited ; 5. Crossmodal Attention Shifts ; Lights, Sounds, and Touches Can Cause Attention Shifts ; Crossmodal Inhibition of Return ; Multisensory Integration and Attention ; Neural Mechanisms of Crossmodal Attention Shifts ; 9. Epilogue
This book is a succinct introduction to the orienting of attention. Richard Wright and Lawrence Ward describe the covert orienting literature clearly and concisely, illustrating it with numerous high-quality images, specifically designed to make the challenging theoretical concepts accessible.
The book begins with an historical introduction that provides a great deal of information about orienting, much of which will be new even to seasoned researchers. Wright and Ward then systematically describe the development of various experimental paradigms that have been devised to study covert orienting, and the theoretical issues raised by this research.

One trend that they analyse in detail is the progression from relatively simple models of spatial attention (attention spotlight and zoom lens models) to an integrative computational framework based on a concept called the 'activity distribution'. They also present a comprehensive survey of cognitive neuroscience research on the brain mechanisms underlying spatial attention shifts, as well as a chapter summarising recent research on crossmodal attention shifts, and elucidating the links between
attention orienting in the visual, auditory, and tactile domains. In the Epilogue they offer a concise summary of the book, and develop preliminary frameworks for understanding the relationship between spatial attention and orienting in response to social cues (social cognitive neuroscience) and for
describing the evolution of covert orienting.

Orienting of Attention provides a systematic survey that is ideal for those looking for an accessible introduction to the field and also for students and researchers who want a state-of the-art overview.

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Autor: Richard D. Wright
ISBN-13 :: 9780195130492
ISBN: 0195130499
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.04.2008
Gewicht: 544g
Seiten: 289
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 236x160x20 mm
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